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|ID||Category||Severity||Type||Date Submitted||Last Update|
|0001037||[1003.1(2013)/Issue7+TC1] Shell and Utilities||Objection||Omission||2016-03-23 14:26||2018-05-15 14:39|
|Line Number||74936 - 74940|
|Final Accepted Text|
|Summary||0001037: The grammar for here documents misses the data body and the final EOF condition|
The current shell grammar only describes the first line of the here
documents and misses to mention the body and the end indication.
|Desired Action||Add a useful grammar to describe a whole here document|
|Tags||No tags attached.|
I would suggest that a grammar would be overkill, Here docs are just
(essentially) single or double quoted strings (the only difference is
that the quote character itself is not a quote character inside, but
just a character). Single quoted ones (ones where the delimiter word
on the redirection was quoted) are literally just strings, no other
processing at all, except leading tab removal from each line if requested.
Double quoted ones (without a quoted delimiter word) are expanded in exactly
the same way as "" strings (except $@ in there is either undefined, or treated
the same as $* - multiple fields makes no sense). They also have leading tabs
removed from each line when first read if requested.
All that's left is the end delimiter, which is the same in each case, and is
just the (quote removed) delimiter word. If tab stripping is happening it
happens before looking for the end string, which (after tab stripping) must be
the whole line (though it need not be followed by a \n, EOF is sufficient as
Is there really a need to state that explicitly, or more explicitly than it
What would be more useful would be to indicate the method (if any in
particular is expected) that the data is given to the command - should it
be placed in a file, and the file opened, and set to the appropriate fd for
the process, or can a pipe be used instead? That is, does the file need
to allow lseek(fd, SEEK_SET, 0L) and similar?
|Regarding the last paragraph in Note: 0003102 this is being addressed in TC2. See 0000890|
The remarks in Note: 3102 seem to be unrelated to my report.
Note that your lseek() related remark is not related to the grammar and
that the actual content, (whether quoted or not) is also something
The intention is a correct grammar that can be used to verify the shell.
The current grammar is far from being usable and a program that creates
shell code from that grammar causes syntax errors from all known shells
not only related to the missing here document body and end marker.
Regarding the last paragraph in Note: 0003102 this is being addressed in
TC2. See 0000890
I had seen that one (890) but after I looked at the description of the problem
reported, it did not seem related to the issue I was concerned with - so I did
not go on to read the attached note with the "add this sentence" part included.
Sorry. And yes, when that is added it will resolve the issue.
And Joerg, I know that 3102 was not really related to your report (other than
the part that says a grammar is not really needed), though it is true that
I thought your report was about the content of the here doc.
I suspect that the reason that the grammar doesn't include anything more, is
because it is an entirely lexical object - when a heredoc redirect operator
has been scanned, then after the next newline token, lines of text are
read, until a line that is the end word is encountered, that data is saved
and associated with the appropriate redirect token, but otherwise nothing even notices it ever existed. I am not sure how the grammar could describe that.
The one issue it could deal with is the one of which newline token is the
"next" one, but that is the subject of another conversation I believe.
The absence of the here-document body (and end marker) from the grammar is intentional. See XRAT C.2.10:
"Note that the body of here-documents are handled by token recognition (see XCU Section 2.3, on page 2347) and do not appear in the grammar directly. (However, the here-document I/O redirection operator is handled as part of the grammar.)"
|2016-03-23 14:26||joerg||New Issue|
|2016-03-23 14:26||joerg||Name||=> Jörg Schilling|
|2016-03-23 14:26||joerg||Organization||=> Fraunhofer FOKUS|
|2016-03-23 14:26||joerg||Section||=> 2.10.1|
|2016-03-23 14:26||joerg||Page Number||=> 2352|
|2016-03-23 14:26||joerg||Line Number||=> 74936 - 74940|
|2016-03-23 23:53||kre||Note Added: 0003102|
|2016-03-24 09:29||geoffclare||Note Added: 0003106|
|2016-03-24 10:32||joerg||Note Added: 0003107|
|2016-03-24 16:10||kre||Note Added: 0003108|
|2017-03-02 16:18||nick||Relationship added||related to 0001036|
|2017-03-23 16:11||nick||Relationship added||related to 0001043|
|2017-05-11 13:42||kre||Note Added: 0003689|
|2017-05-11 13:47||kre||Note Deleted: 0003689|
|2018-05-15 14:39||geoffclare||Note Added: 0004034|
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