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ID Category Severity Type Date Submitted Last Update
0001061 [1003.1(2008)/Issue 7] Base Definitions and Headers Editorial Enhancement Request 2016-07-07 21:09 2024-06-11 08:52
Reporter EdSchouten View Status public  
Assigned To ajosey
Priority normal Resolution Accepted As Marked  
Status Closed  
Name Ed Schouten
Organization Nuxi, the Netherlands
User Reference
Section string.h / wchar.h
Page Number -
Line Number -
Interp Status ---
Final Accepted Text Note: 0005336
Summary 0001061: Please add memmem() (and maybe wmemmem())
Description A decent implementation of the strstr()/wcsstr() function is rather complex. In the old days, implementations typically had to make a trade-off between in-place quadratic time algorithms (simple scanning) or linear-time/space algorithms (e.g. Knuth-Morris-Pratt). If I'm correct, an in-place linear worst-case time algorithm is only known since the 90s (Two-way string-matching). Its pseudo-code alone is already 50 lines.

The problem with strstr()/wcsstr() is that it assumes that the input strings are null terminated, which isn't always the case. This is why many operating systems (Linux, all the BSDs, Mac OS X) provide a memmem() function as well, which can reuse the same algorithm. There shouldn't be a need to handroll such a function yourself.
Desired Action Please standardize the existing memmem() function. While there, maybe we should also add wmemmem() for consistency.
Tags issue8
Attached Files txt file icon memmem.txt [^] (1,492 bytes) 2017-08-15 07:47

- Relationships

-  Notes
EdSchouten (updater)
2017-08-15 07:50

[ Sorry if you received a partial response; I accidentally clicked the submit button ]

Hi Andrew,

As you requested, attached to this ticket you may find formatted text for inclusion into the standard. It is loosely based on the existing documentation of strstr(), except that I've decided to rename 's1' and 's2' to 'haystack' and 'needle' to prevent confusion.

Be sure to get in touch in case there are things you want me to clarify/improve.

rhansen (manager)
2017-10-26 16:19
edited on: 2017-10-26 16:27

This was discussed during the 2017-10-26 telecon. We have no problem adding memmem() to the standard, but since this is a new interface, we need a sponsor. There is no consensus to add wmemmem().

The following wording was agreed upon:

In XSH chapter 3, insert a new entry for memmem():
memmem — find a byte subsequence in a byte sequence

#include <string.h>

void *memmem(const void *haystack, size_t haystacklen,
             const void *needle, size_t needlelen);

The memmem() function shall locate the first occurrence of byte sequence needle of length needlelen in byte sequence haystack of length haystacklen.

Upon successful completion, memmem() shall return a pointer to the the first byte of the located byte sequence in haystack, or a null pointer if the byte sequence is not found.

If needlelen is zero, the function shall return haystack.

If haystacklen is less than needlelen, the function shall return a null pointer.

No errors are defined.

--- The following sections are informative. --



This function is similar to strstr(), except that NUL bytes may be included in either needle or haystack.


memchr(), strstr()
XBD <string.h>

First released in Issue 8.
--- End of informative text. ---

On page 363 after line 12395 (XBD <string.h> DESCRIPTION), insert:
void *memmem(const void *, size_t, const void *, size_t);

On page 2071 line 66440 (XSH strstr() SEE ALSO), add memmem().

geoffclare (manager)
2020-10-16 09:39

The memmem() additions have been made in the Issue8NewAPIs branch in gitlab, based on Note: 0003871.

It was also added to the POSIX_C_LIB_EXT subprofile group in XRAT E.1.
geoffclare (manager)
2021-04-29 15:21

Make the changes from "Additional APIs for Issue 8, Part 1" (Austin/1110).

- Issue History
Date Modified Username Field Change
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten New Issue
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Status New => Under Review
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Assigned To => ajosey
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Name => Ed Schouten
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Organization => Nuxi, the Netherlands
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Section => string.h / wchar.h
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Page Number => -
2016-07-07 21:09 EdSchouten Line Number => -
2016-09-14 14:18 emaste Issue Monitored: emaste
2017-08-15 07:47 EdSchouten Note Added: 0003816
2017-08-15 07:47 EdSchouten Note Deleted: 0003816
2017-08-15 07:47 EdSchouten File Added: memmem.txt
2017-08-15 07:50 EdSchouten Note Added: 0003817
2017-10-26 16:19 rhansen Note Added: 0003871
2017-10-26 16:20 rhansen Note Edited: 0003871
2017-10-26 16:21 rhansen Note Edited: 0003871
2017-10-26 16:21 rhansen Note Edited: 0003871
2017-10-26 16:23 rhansen Note Edited: 0003871
2017-10-26 16:27 rhansen Note Edited: 0003871
2020-10-16 09:39 geoffclare Note Added: 0005052
2021-04-29 15:21 geoffclare Note Added: 0005336
2021-04-29 15:22 geoffclare Interp Status => ---
2021-04-29 15:22 geoffclare Final Accepted Text => Note: 0005336
2021-04-29 15:22 geoffclare Status Under Review => Resolved
2021-04-29 15:22 geoffclare Resolution Open => Accepted As Marked
2021-04-29 15:22 geoffclare Tag Attached: issue8
2021-05-07 15:24 geoffclare Status Resolved => Applied
2024-06-11 08:52 agadmin Status Applied => Closed

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